Crash

A sudden and significant decline in the value of a market. A crash is most often associated with an inflated stock market. Causes for a crash may include an economic bubble in which securities, or other investments, are trading at prices far above their intrinsic value, or a highly-leveraged market in which debt is used to finance further investment. Crashes are distinguishable from a bear market by their rapid decline in a number of days, rather than a decline over a longer period of time. A crash can lead to a depression in the overall economy and subsequent bear market.

A crash is both an economic phenomenon and a psychological one. Investors who see a rapid decline in the value of a particular stock may sell off other securities as well, leading to the possibility of a vicious spiral marked by negative crowd behavior. In order to reduce the effect of a crash, many stock markets employ circuit breakers designed to halt trading if declines cross certain thresholds.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

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  • crash — crash …   Dictionnaire des rimes

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  • crash — [ kraʃ ] n. m. • 1956 « atterrissage en catastrophe »; mot angl. « accident; faillite », de to crash « s écraser » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Écrasement au sol (d un avion). Des crashs ou des crashes. 2 ♦ (infl. de krach, de même o.) Chute brutale et soudaine …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • crash — [n1/v1] bang; banging sound blast, boom, burst, clang, clap, clash, clatter, clattering, crack, din, peal, racket, slam, smash, smashing, sound, thunder, thunderclap, wham; concepts 65,521,595 crash [n2] collision, accidental hitting accident,… …   New thesaurus

  • Crash — bezeichnet: einen Börsenkrach einen Unfall, siehe auch Crashtest einen Computerabsturz einen Roman von James Graham Ballard, siehe Crash (Roman) eine Romanverfilmung von Regisseur David Cronenberg von 1996, siehe Crash (Film) einen Film von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • crash — Since the 1950s, crash has been used attributively (before a noun) to denote something such as a course or programme that is done or undertaken urgently or quickly, e.g. a crash course in Russian or a crash diet. In this use, crash seems to be… …   Modern English usage

  • Crash! — Directed by Charles Band Written by Marc Marais Starring José Ferrer Sue Lyon John Carradine Musi …   Wikipedia

  • crash — crash1 [krash] vi. [ME crashen, prob. echoic var. of cracken (see CRACK1); akin to Dan krase, to crackle, Ger krach, crash, disaster < krachen, to crack] 1. to fall, collide, or break with force and with a loud, smashing noise 2. a) to make a… …   English World dictionary

  • crash — fonosimb., s.m.inv. ES ingl. {{wmetafile0}} 1. fonosimb., voce che riproduce il suono di una cosa che si frantuma, si rompe o crolla: crash! si ruppe il bicchiere; anche s.m.inv.: ho sentito il crash del vaso che si rompeva Sinonimi: 1crac. 2.… …   Dizionario italiano


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